Turn your child into a maths magician?

Numeracy Stage 4: Advanced Counting (StayOnTrack Level 2)
Things are getting tricky-so how do I help my child?
Advanced counting means that your child uses 'counting on' and 'counting back' to solve easy addition and subtraction problems.

For Example: Counting on: 3 + 8

A child that counts on will start with the largest number and then 'count on' the smaller number.

8 + 3 = 8....9,10,11. The answer is 11.

This shows that the child knows that the number 8 represents a set or group and so no longer needs to start counting from one. Your child may use their fingers to count on, this is fine, some children may start to count mentally in their heads.

Counting back: 9-2

A child that 'counts back' will start with the largest number and 'count back' the smaller number.

9-2=9...8,7. The answer is 7.

Advanced counting also means that your child can use skip-counting to solve multiplication problems, this means they can count in twos, fives and tens, up to at least 100.

For Example, skip-counting in twos looks like this: 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16 and so on.

At Stage 4 (Advanced Counting) your child needs to have the following knowledge of their basic facts

(StayOnTrack worksheets Level 2 target each of these knowledge areas specifically)

  • Able to read and write numbers up to at least 100

  • Be able to identify numbers before and after a given number, up to at least 100
    For Example: what is the number before 79? What is the number after 79?

  • Be able to count backwards and forwards from any number up to at least 100

  • Skip-count in twos, fives and tens up to at least 100

  • Know groupings with 10's:
    For Example: 10+3 = 13 (thirteen)
    10 and 4 equals 14 (fourteen) (up to 10 + 10)

  • Know groupings with 5's:
    For Example:5+1=6
    5+2=7 (up to 5+5)

  • Know doubles to ten:
    For Example: 1+1
    4+4 (up to 10+10)

  • Remember that to really know something your child will know the answer to any of these within a few seconds, they will not need to work it out.This is why StayOnTrack has designed daily 10-15 minutes worksheets-this knowledge comes through consistent practice, just like any skill.


    Here are a few fun ideas to help makes sure that your child is learning these skills:

  • Guess my Number:
    Choose a number between 1 and 100. The other players then have to find out the number by asking questions like: Is it less than 75? Is it an even number? Is it in the 20's? Is it greater than 50? etc

  • Counting Together:
    Count together, backwards and forwards, starting from numbers other than one.
    For Example: Lets count from 35-79. Lets count in twos from 11 to 51. Ask questions like 'what will be the first number after 11, what will be the first number before 51?

  • Skip Counting using a Number Line:
    You can access a number line from the Free Resource section at www.stayontrack.co.nz
    Place a paperclip/peg on every fifth number on the number line. Read the numbers to to learn skip-counting in fives. Remove a few pegs at a time, as it is learnt. Repeat for others: 2, 10.

  • Clap n Slap:
    Clap or slap out the skip-counting sequences.
    For Example: Slap your knees while skip-counting in fives: 5,10,15,20,25,30,35...up to at least 100.

  • Number Hangman:
    Played like normal Hangman except with numbers!Start with smaller numbers and then build up to bigger numbers as they get better.

  • At all times remember this needs to be a fun experience, be patient and kind with your words. There is nothing more special than sharing a laughing moment with your child.

    StayOnTrack Limited 2014